Controlling and Monitoring your Blood Sugar During Exercise

Exercising is an essential part of your diabetes administration prepare. Sadly, workout can also result in fluctuations in blood sugar ranges. In healthful individuals these fluctuations are fairly minimal, and continue to be within the standard range—between one hundred mg/dl and two hundred mg/dl.

In diabetics, these fluctuations can be more serious, as exercise has an insulin-like impact, triggering your blood sugar amounts to drift far below, or way over, standard. If your stages go too far off track, you could experience a hypoglycemic assault.

  1. If you are likely to integrate physical exercise into your treatment regimen, there are numerous factors to contemplate, making certain that you get the most out of your training, with no jeopardizing your health.
  2. Constantly examination your blood sugar amounts thirty minutes before you start doing exercises, and once again just just before the commence of every session. By having a studying, you can make positive your pre-workout blood sugar is inside of the secure range—between a hundred mg/dl and 250 mg/dl.
    • If you blood sugar is earlier mentioned 250 mg/dl, take insulin, wait around fifteen minutes and get yet another studying. Continue the reading through/insulin cycle until your ranges drop below 250 mg/dl.
    • If you blood sugar is under 100 mg/dl in possibly studying, consider a glucose pill or eat a carb-large snack, hold out 15 minutes and just take another looking through. Carry on the snack-ready cycle until finally your blood sugar rises to at minimum 100 mg/dl.
  3. If you physical exercise for a single hour or much more, consider a blood sugar reading every single 30 minutes. Some companies, like Dexcom, Guardian and MiniMed, make products that perform continuous glucose checking.
  4. If your stages are exterior the regular selection, stop performing exercises for the working day and either take in a glucose pill, or administer a lot more insulin. Continue checking your amounts and pursuing the proper therapy protocol right up until your blood sugar levels stabilize. If your levels do not stabilize following 4 tries, find healthcare attention.
  5. If your ranges are standard, you can keep on performing exercises and monitoring.
  6. Consume lots of fluids in the course of every single session.
  7. Check your amounts at the conclude of your workout session.
  8. If your readings are abnormal, follow the protocol in stage 2 for stabilizing your blood sugar.
  9. If your readings are typical, take in a carbohydrate-prosperous snack, these kinds of as baba ghanoush dip with pita, within an hour of finishing your session.
  10. Just take another reading, after you try to eat, to ensure that your ranges are nonetheless within the normal assortment.

Exercising When You Have Diabetes

Prior to starting a new exercise program, a person with diabetes who hasn’t exercised previously should check with a doctor, especially if over the age of 3 or if diabetes has been present for ten years or longer.

You should check with your GP if you have any of the following risk factors (so that you can choose the appropriate exercise):

  • A history of coronary artery disease or elevated blood pressure
  • A physical limitation Obesity
  •  The presence of any diabetic complications like retinopathy, kidney disease or neuropathy
  • Use of medications

Once exercise is begun, the person with diabetes can do a lot to make it safe and successful. Some important steps to take include

  • Carrying treatment for hypoglycaemia (if required)
  • Choosing cotton socks that sit loosely around your legs or ankles, and comfortable, well-fitting shoes suitable for the type of activity
  • Drinking plenty of water
  • Exercising with a friend who knows the signs of hypoglycaemia and how to treat it
  • Not exercising if your blood glucose is greater than 1 mmol/L or if you’re feeling unwell
  • Testing the blood glucose more often to understand what happens when you exercise
  • Thinking about the timing, intensity and duration of the exercise
  • Understanding insulin action (if on insulin) and when it’s working at its peak
  • Wearing a medical alert bracelet

If you have diabetes, when exercising, you don’t need to :

  • Buy special clothing other than the right shoes and socks (and possibly cycle shorts if you’re bike riding)
  • Expect to lose weight from certain ‘spots’ by repetitively exercising them
  • Exercise to the point of pain
  • Use exercise gadgets like belts or other objects that don’t require you to move

Don’t continue exercising if you have tightness in your chest, chest pain, severe shortness of breath or dizziness. If you experience any of these symptoms, immediately see your GP or go to the emergency department of your local hospital.